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    特種工程塑料國內外產業發展分析報告

    時間:2019-06-28 11:36來源:泰氏官網 作者:泰氏官網 點擊:
    特種工程塑料是指綜合性能較高,長期使用溫度在150℃以上的一類工程塑料,具有獨特、優異的物理性能,主要應用于電子電氣、航空航天、汽車、 醫療等高科技領域。我國科技部制定

    特種工程塑料是指綜合性能較高,長期使用溫度在150℃以上的一類工程塑料,具有獨特、優異的物理性能,主要應用于電子電氣、航空航天、汽車、 醫療等高科技領域。我國科技部制定的《“十三五”材料領域科技創新專項規劃》報告中明確指出特種工程塑料是重點發展的先進結構材料技術之一,其中高性能聚醚酮、聚酰亞胺、耐輻照型聚酰亞胺纖維等被列為重點發展材料。

    工程塑料
    聚酰亞胺(PI)

    聚酰亞胺材料具有優異的耐高溫、耐低溫、高強高模、高抗蠕變、高尺寸穩定、低熱膨脹系數、高電絕緣、低介電常數與低損耗、耐輻射、耐腐蝕等優點,同時具有真空揮發份低、揮發可凝物少等空間材料的特點,可加工成聚酰亞胺薄膜、耐高溫工程塑料、復合材料用基體樹脂、耐高溫粘結劑、纖維和泡沫等多種材料形式,因此在許多高新技術領域具有廣闊的應用前景和巨大的商業價值。

    全球格局:市場規模不斷增長,呈寡頭壟斷格局

    PI屬于高技術壁壘行業,在世界范圍內呈寡頭壟斷局面,技術封鎖嚴密。目前全球產能主要由國外少數企業所壟斷,包括美國杜邦、日本鐘化、韓國SKPI以及日本宇部興產株式會社等。據美國調查咨詢公司MarketsandMarkets數據顯示,2017年全球PI薄膜的市場規模為15.2億美元,預計2022年將達到24.5億美元。

    國外格局:美日韓占據主要市場,集中在少數企業

    目前國外聚酰亞胺產業集中在少數國家的少數企業。如PI纖維產品,其生產與銷售主要集中在德國贏創;PI薄膜技術掌握在杜邦、鐘化及宇部興產手中。沙特基礎工業公司和韓國SKPI公司的PI產品也在世界市場上占有一席之地,各有優勢。全球聚酰亞胺市場發展平穩,各大公司均加大研發力度,力求推陳出新,但并不見有增加產能的舉動。

    國內格局:我國產業化進程緩慢,企業問題較多

    由于聚酰亞胺生產成本高、技術工藝復雜、產品穩定性較差等問題,我國產業化進程緩慢。但是,我國聚酰亞胺的應用已經拓展到航空、航天、微電子、環保、 交通等多個領域。PI產業遍布全國各地,但與國外先進國家相比,國內企業總體實力上還存在一定差距??v觀各企業都存在著一定的問題:裝置規模小,多數生產裝置僅為百噸級;產品較為單一,主要以PI薄膜為主,其它種類產量很少;產品精細化程度不夠等。

    聚醚醚酮(PEEK)

    PEEK分子鏈由苯環和相連的酮基、醚基構成,苯環為PEEK材料提供了剛性,醚鍵提供了韌性,因此PEEK是韌性與剛性兼備的綜合性材料。我國將PEEK材料的研制列為國家重點科技攻關計劃和國家“863”計劃,吉林大學特種工程塑料中心開發出具有自主知識產權的PEEK合成路線,實現了PEEK的大批量生產。

    全球格局:技術壁壘高,呈寡頭競爭格局

    MarketsandMarkets于2017年2月發布的PEEK市場報告預計到2021年,全球PEEK市場將達到6.643億美元,2016年至2021年的復合年增長率為6.3%。在全球PEEK市場,新的應用和產品等級將在航天和國防等工業領域得到發展。此外,北美用于航空航天和醫療行業PEEK的快速增長將導致未來五年PEEK市場的高速增長。

    由于技術壁壘高,研發投入大,目前掌握PEEK聚合工藝的企業并不多,呈寡頭競爭格局,全球市場主要集中在歐洲。

    國外格局:全球市場以歐洲為主,巨頭競爭激烈

    全球市場以歐洲為主,主要生產企業包括英國威格斯、比利時索爾維和德國贏創。伴隨著全球市場需求的增長,各大企業紛紛投資擴大產能,鞏固其在市場的地位。據MarketsandMarkets 報道,2015年英國威格斯占PEEK市場最大市場份額,預計在未來幾年將繼續占據主導地位。除了擴大產能外,威格斯還通過收并購進一步鞏固其在PEEK市場的領導地位。此外,索爾維也在積極拓展其PEEK在醫療領域的市場。

    國內格局:我國PEEK企業較少,生產能力較低

    由于技術壁壘高,投資風險大,我國能夠生產PEEK企業較少,且相對于威格斯、索爾維等國外PEEK企業,國內企業的生產能力普遍較低。國內的PEEK企業包括中研股份、盤錦中潤特塑有限公司、長春吉大特塑工程研究有限公司、廣州金發科技等。

    發展趨勢及建議

    關于PI:

    2017年各大企業的PI銷售景氣,盈利可觀。杜邦、鐘化、宇部興產等各大廠家的PI產品均在柔性覆銅板、柔性顯示器、動力電池、智能手機等電子行業帶動下健康發展。未來,PI產業將隨著電子行業的發展而調整結構,且市場潛力巨大,特別是亞太地區。

    我國需要繼續加大聚酰亞胺產業化技術的研發力度,重視改性等基礎研發,著力解決聚酰亞胺高成本問題,盡快采用具有自主知識產權的聚酰亞胺生產工藝技術并逐步實現產業化工程技術的突破。為滿足國內以及國際市場的需求,各大廠家也應逐步擴大產能,從百噸級逐漸成長為千噸級。

    關于PEEK:

    在發展PEEK材料方面,我國已經突破了一些關鍵技術,有些制造商已經實現了千噸級產能。我國也有一些企業從事供應聚醚醚酮樹脂的專用料及二次制品的研發,其中中研股份研制出PEEK纖維專用料,PEEK纖維量產化指日可待,產業發展前景樂觀。針對我國PEEK產業發展現狀,國家新材料產業發展戰略咨詢委員會天津研究院共提出3條建議。
     

    Special engineering plastics refer to a class of engineering plastics with high comprehensive performance and long-term use temperature above 150 °C. They have unique and excellent physical properties and are mainly used in high-tech fields such as electrical and electronic, aerospace, automotive and medical. The “Special Plan for Scientific and Technological Innovation in the “13th Five-Year” Material Sector” formulated by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China clearly states that special engineering plastics is one of the key advanced structural materials technologies, among which high-performance polyether ketone, polyimide, and radiation-resistant Phototype polyimide fibers and the like are listed as key development materials.
     
    Engineering plastic
    Polyimide (PI)
     
    Polyimide material has excellent high temperature resistance, low temperature resistance, high strength and high modulus, high creep resistance, high dimensional stability, low thermal expansion coefficient, high electrical insulation, low dielectric constant and low loss, radiation resistance and corrosion resistance. At the same time, it has the characteristics of low vacuum volatiles, less volatile condensable materials, etc. It can be processed into polyimide film, high temperature engineering plastics, matrix resin for composite materials, high temperature resistant binder, fiber and foam, etc. It is a form of material and therefore has broad application prospects and great commercial value in many high-tech fields.
     
    Global pattern: the market scale continues to grow, showing an oligopoly
     
    PI belongs to the high-tech barrier industry, with an oligopoly situation around the world and strict technical blockade. At present, global production capacity is mainly monopolized by a small number of foreign companies, including DuPont, Japan, Zhonghua, Korea SKPI, and Japan Ube Industries Co., Ltd. According to data from the US survey and consulting firm MarketsandMarkets, the global PI film market size in 2017 is 1.52 billion US dollars, and is expected to reach 2.45 billion US dollars in 2022.
     
    Foreign pattern: the United States, Japan and South Korea occupy the main market, concentrated in a small number of enterprises
     
    At present, the foreign polyimide industry is concentrated in a small number of enterprises in a few countries. For example, PI fiber products are mainly produced and sold in Evonik, Germany; PI film technology is in the hands of DuPont, Zhonghua and Ube. The PI products of Saudi Basic Industries and South Korea's SKPI also have a place in the world market, each with its own advantages. The global polyimide market has developed steadily. All major companies have increased their research and development efforts and strived to innovate, but there is no such thing as an increase in production capacity.
     
    Domestic pattern: China's industrialization process is slow, and there are many corporate problems.
     
    Due to the high production cost of polyimide, complicated technical processes and poor product stability, China's industrialization process is slow. However, the application of polyimide in China has been extended to aviation, aerospace, microelectronics, environmental protection, transportation and other fields. The PI industry is spread all over the country, but compared with foreign advanced countries, there is still a certain gap in the overall strength of domestic enterprises. Throughout the enterprise, there are certain problems: the scale of the device is small, and most of the production devices are only 100 tons; the products are relatively single, mainly based on PI film, the output of other types is small; the degree of product refinement is not enough.
     
    Polyetheretherketone (PEEK)
     
    The PEEK molecular chain consists of a benzene ring and an attached ketone group and an ether group. The benzene ring provides rigidity to the PEEK material, and the ether bond provides toughness. Therefore, PEEK is a comprehensive material with both toughness and rigidity. China's development of PEEK materials is listed as a national key scientific and technological research plan and the national "863" plan. The special engineering plastics center of Jilin University has developed a PEEK synthetic route with independent intellectual property rights, realizing the mass production of PEEK.
     
    Global pattern: high technical barriers, oligopolistic competition
     
    The PEEK market report released by MarketsandMarkets in February 2017 is expected to reach $664.3 million in the global PEEK market by 2021 and a compound annual growth rate of 6.3% from 2016 to 2021. In the global PEEK market, new applications and product grades will be developed in the aerospace and defense industries. In addition, the rapid growth of PEEK in the aerospace and medical industries in North America will lead to rapid growth in the PEEK market over the next five years.
     
    Due to the high technical barriers and large R&D investment, there are not many enterprises that have mastered the PEEK polymerization process. They are in an oligopolistic competition and the global market is mainly concentrated in Europe.
     
    Foreign pattern: the global market is dominated by Europe, and the competition is fierce
     
    The global market is dominated by Europe, with major producers including Victrex in the UK, Solvay in Belgium and Evonik in Germany. Along with the growth of global market demand, major companies have invested in expanding production capacity and consolidating their position in the market. According to MarketsandMarkets, in the UK, Victrex accounted for the largest market share in the PEEK market in 2015 and is expected to continue to dominate in the next few years. In addition to expanding production capacity, Victrex has further consolidated its leadership position in the PEEK market through mergers and acquisitions. In addition, Solvay is also actively expanding its PEEK market in the medical field.
     
    Domestic pattern: China's PEEK enterprises are few and the production capacity is low.
     
    Due to high technical barriers and high investment risks, China is able to produce PEEK enterprises less, and the production capacity of domestic enterprises is generally lower than that of foreign PEEK enterprises such as Victrex and Solvay. Domestic PEEK companies include Zhongyan Co., Ltd., Panjin Zhongrun Special Plastic Co., Ltd., Changchun Jida Plastic Engineering Research Co., Ltd., and Guangzhou Blonde Technology.
     
    Development trends and recommendations
     
    About PI:
     
    In 2017, the PI sales of major companies were profitable. The PI products of DuPont, Zhonghua, Ubexing and other major manufacturers are all developing healthily under the electronic industries such as flexible CCL, flexible display, power battery and smart phone. In the future, the PI industry will adjust its structure with the development of the electronics industry, and the market potential is huge, especially in the Asia-Pacific region.
     
    China needs to continue to increase the research and development of polyimide industrialization technology, attach importance to basic research and development such as modification, focus on solving the high cost of polyimide, and adopt the polyimide production technology with independent intellectual property rights as soon as possible and gradually realize A breakthrough in industrial engineering technology. In order to meet the needs of domestic and international markets, major manufacturers should gradually expand their production capacity from tens of tons to 1,000 tons.
     
    About PEEK:
     
    In the development of PEEK materials, China has already broken through some key technologies, and some manufacturers have already achieved thousands of tons of production capacity. There are also some enterprises in China that are engaged in the research and development of special materials and secondary products for the supply of polyetheretherketone resin. Among them, Zhongyan has developed PEEK fiber special materials. The mass production of PEEK fiber is just around the corner, and the industrial development prospect is optimistic. In response to the development status of China's PEEK industry, the Tianjin Research Institute of the National New Materials Industry Development Strategy Advisory Committee has put forward three suggestions.
    (責任編輯:泰氏科技)
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